Revised ESIC Contribution Rates from 1st July 2019

The Government on 13th June 2019(Thursday) announced reducing the rate of ESIC contribution Rates from 6.5% to 4%. The Government of India has taken a decision to reduce the rate of contribution under the ESI Act.

  • Employers’ contribution being reduced from 4.75% to 3.25%
  • Employees’ contribution being reduced from 1.75% to 0.75%

As per the press release issued by the Ministry of Labour and Employment reduced rates will be effective from 1st July 2019. 

In the realm of employee benefits and social security, the Employee State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) plays a pivotal role in safeguarding the interests of both employers and employees. With the constant evolution of labor laws and regulations, it’s crucial to stay up-to-date with the latest changes to ensure compliance and equitable benefits for all stakeholders involved.

What are ESIC Contribution Rates?

ESIC contribution rates are the percentages of wages paid by employers and employees to fund the Employees’ State Insurance (ESI) scheme. This scheme provides employees with various benefits, including medical care, disability coverage, maternity benefits, and more.

The Significance of the Revised ESIC Contribution Rates

On the 1st of July 2019, a significant revision in the ESIC contribution rates took effect, altering the landscape of employer-employee contributions. This change marked a milestone in employee welfare and social security, enhancing the accessibility and quality of medical facilities for millions of workers across India.

Employer Contribution Changes

Previously, employers were required to contribute 4.75% of an employee’s wages towards the ESIC scheme. However, with the revised rates, this percentage was lowered to 3.25%. This reduction in employer contribution aimed to alleviate the financial burden on businesses, especially small and medium-sized enterprises, allowing them to allocate resources more efficiently.

Employee Contribution Changes

Prior to the revision, employees were responsible for contributing 1.75% of their wages towards the ESI scheme. With the new rates in place, this contribution percentage was further reduced to just 0.75%. This reduction not only increased the take-home pay for employees but also encouraged greater participation in the ESI scheme, ensuring comprehensive healthcare coverage for the workforce.

How to Calculate Revised ESIC Contributions

To calculate the revised ESIC contributions, follow these steps:

  1. Employer Contribution:
    • Identify the total wages paid to employees.
    • Multiply the total wages by the employer contribution rate (3.25%).
    • The result is the employer’s contribution towards ESIC.
  2. Employee Contribution:
    • Determine the employee’s monthly wage.
    • Multiply the wage by the employee contribution rate (0.75%).
    • The outcome represents the employee’s ESIC contribution.

Benefits of the Revised Rates

The revised ESIC contribution rates offer several advantages:

  • Financial Relief: Employers experience reduced financial strain, fostering business growth.
  • Increased Take-Home Pay: Employees enjoy higher net pay due to lower ESIC deductions.
  • Enhanced Participation: The lowered contribution rates encourage more employees to enroll in the scheme, ensuring broader coverage.
  • Competitive Advantage: Businesses can tout improved employee benefits, aiding in talent acquisition and retention.

Diagram: ESIC Contribution Calculation

esic contribution rate


In the dynamic landscape of employee welfare, the revised ESIC contribution rates since July 1st, 2019, stand as a testament to the government’s commitment to fostering a healthier and more equitable work environment. These adjustments not only ease the financial obligations of employers but also empower employees with enhanced take-home pay and comprehensive healthcare benefits.

By embracing these changes, businesses and workers alike can contribute to a more prosperous and secure future. Stay informed, stay compliant, and reap the benefits of a socially responsible approach to employment practices.

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